During the 11th century and up to the 16th century, numerous tribes entered this region from all directions: the Ewé from the west, and the Mina and Gun from the east, mostly settling along the coast. In the 16th century, after the arrival of the Portuguese, the region became a major trading center for Europeans in search of slaves, being part of what was known as “The Slave Coast”. For a long time, Togo was an intermediate zone between the states of Asante and Dahomey, but in 1884 it became part of the Togoland German protectorate, later occupied and divided between the British and the French. By the end of the 20th century, the two territories were placed under UN trusteeship. Since independence, in 1960, local and especially Ewe literature emerged with the works of several novelists and playwrights. Despite the many European influences, over half of the people of Togo follow native animistic practices and beliefs.
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