Western Africa

The Gambia

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The first known record of The Gambia is a brief reference in Hanno the Carthaginian’s voyage through West Africa around 470BC. Nevertheless, the land around the River Gambia has been inhabited continuously for many thousands of years. During the 5th and 8th centuries, for example, the territory which today comprises Gambia and Senegal was part of the Empire of Ghana, ruled by the Serahuli tribe. In the 17th century, the British took control over St. Andrew’s Island (renaming it James Island) and founded the first English settlement on the West African Coast. During the 18th and 19th centuries, after bitter and protracted religious dissension between tribes, various chiefs sought protection from the British, whose administration gradually spread over the whole country. The Gambia gained independence from Britain in 1965, under the leadership of Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara, who later opened the Abuko Nature Reserve to preserve the biodiversity of The Gambia for future generations. The peculiar shape of the country as a long narrow strip of land that surrounds the Gambia River is the result of territorial compromises made during the 19th century by Britain and France, which ruled the neighboring colony of Senegal. In 1982, the short-lived Senegambian Confederation was established after Senegalese troops had intervened to help deal with an attempted coup, soon dissolved into a treaty of friendship and cooperation.

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The Gambia

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Art Spaces (4 )
Cities in The Gambia
Banjul

Banjul, the country's capital and economic center, is located where the Gambia River enters the Atlantic Ocean. ...

Western Africa
Banjul
Art Spaces(2 )
Kartong

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Western Africa
Kartong
Art Spaces(1 )
Serrekunda

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Western Africa
Serrekunda
Artist Studio (1 )
Art Spaces(3 )
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