Brazzaville is the capital, financial and administrative center of the Congo Republic, located on the north side of the Congo River. The city was founded when the local King, Makoko of the Téké signed a treaty of protection with the French explorer de Brazza, subjugating his land – before an indigenous Bateke settlement called Ncunato – to the French Empire during the Scramble for Africa. During the Nazi occupation of France during World War II, the city represented the symbolic capital of Free France. Brazzaville is today a great cultural crossroads of artistic and intellectual activity. In 2013, it was designated a City of Music by UNESCO in that music is fully integrated into the urbanity of the city, which has witnessed the beginning of the renowned Congolese rumba. Moreover, Brazzaville houses the African Music Council, the regional branch of the International Council of Music, and every two years it stages the world-famous Pan-African Music Festival.
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