Eastern Africa

Mauritius

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The islands of Mauritius, volcanic in origin and surrounded by coral reefs, remained long uninhabited: the first to discover it was probably an income economy with a growing industrial, financial, and tourism sector. Arab sailors, while in the early 16th century it was visited by the Portuguese, who took little interest in settling here. The Dutch took control of the island from the mid-16th until the 18th century, naming it Mauritius in honor of governor Maurice of Nassau. Following several attempts of settlement, they eventually left it to pirates. In 1721 the French East India Company occupied Mauritius and renamed it Île de France. Settlement proceeded slowly until the French crown took over the administration, bringing African slaves and establishing sugar planting as the main industry. In 1810 the British captured the island, and confirmed its sovereignty in the Treaty of Paris, reinstating the name Mauritius. However, customs, laws, and language remained French. When the pressure from the British abolitionist movement ended slavery, slaves were replaced by Indian indentured laborers, determining the country’s modern-day Indo-Pakistani population and Hinduism as the most practiced religion. Mauritius prospered in the 1850s, but competition from beet sugar, the malaria epidemic, and the opening of the Suez Canal, caused an exponential decline that did not stop until outbursts of rioting and social unrest in 1999. Since then, Mauritius has evolved from a low-income, agricultural economy to a diversified middle-

Mauritius

Art Maker (11)
Events (1 )
Art Spaces (9 )
Cities in Mauritius
Beau Bassin

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Eastern Africa
Beau Bassin
Artist Studio (1 )
Curepipe

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Eastern Africa
Curepipe
Artist Studio (2 )
Grand Baie

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Eastern Africa
Grand Baie
Artist Studio (3 )
Art Spaces(5 )
Port Louis

Located on the Northwest Coast of the main island, Port Louis is the central collecting and clearing point for all imports and exports from Mauritius and the country’s capital. ...

Eastern Africa
Port Louis
Artist Studio (3 )
Events(1 )
Art Spaces(5 )
Quatre Bornes

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Eastern Africa
Quatre Bornes
Artist Studio (2 )
Art Spaces(1 )
Reunion Island

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Eastern Africa
Reunion Island
Artist Studio (1 )
Vacoas-Phoenix

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Eastern Africa
Vacoas-Phoenix
Art Spaces(1 )
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