Lesotho is located within the border of South Africa as an enclaved country. It owes a long history of political autonomy thanks to the mountains that surround and protect it. Since the Neolithic Period, the mountain kingdom has been the domain of Khoisan-speaking hunters who adorned the sandstone walls with rock paintings depicting their mysterious shamanic trance rituals. In the 19th century, the Sotho people took control of the region, which remained independent until it became a British protectorate. Authority is being exercised through a traditional chieftaincy system Since independence in 1966, traditional. Lesotho’s cultural structure consists almost entirely of the Bantu-speaking people known as Basotho. In this regard, Lesotho is one of the few sub-Saharan African countries with a single dominant ethnic group and language, since the majority of borders were drawn by colonial powers without regard for ethnic boundaries or pre-colonial polities. The Morija Arts & Cultural Festival is a prominent Sesotho art and music festival, annually held in the historical town of Morija.
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