Eastern Africa

Eritrea

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This is Eritrea

Eritrea, the country of the Horn of Africa, is located on the Red Sea, to which it derives its name: Mare Erythraeum is the Latin for “Red Sea.” Eritrea’s coastal location has long been important in its history and culture, going back to the days of the Pharaohs in Egypt. In addition,  Christianity and Islam reached the area through this route, which then became an important trade route seized by powers like Turkey and Italy because these ports promised access to the gold, coffee, and slaves sold by traders in the Ethiopian highlands. After being an important Italian colony, in 1941 the land was conquered by Britain, and, after World War II, the United Nations made it an autonomous region of Ethiopia. In 1961, the armed struggle for independence began and continued for about three decades, till the country finally gained its independence. During the war for independence, the people of Eritrea managed to overcome their ethnic and religious differences and build a common national consciousness, despite the widespread poverty. Eritrea is now a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups. One of the most recognizable aspects of its culture is the coffee ceremony: fresh coffee beans are first roasted over hot coals, then its smoke is offered for guests to smell. The coffee beans are later grinded, grounds are then put into a special clay pot, called jebena, boiled and brewed four times. Finally, the coffee is poured from the jebena through a filter made from horsehair or other material.

Cities in Eritrea

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Cities in Eritrea
Asmara

The city is located at the northwestern edge of the Eritrean Highlands and the Great Rift Valley.

Eastern Africa
Asmara
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