Bata is a port city in the Litoral Province of Equatorial Guinea and the country’s largest city. The city has one of the deepest seaports in the region, serving as one of the main ports. Occupied since Neolithic times, this region has been home to the Ndowe ethnic group, along with various ethnic groups intermixing or displacing each other. The coastline, easily accessible by European traders, saw periods of occupation by powers such as Portugal, the Netherlands, and Spain, most lastingly. After the anti-Spanish riots of 1969, there has been a dramatic decrease in European residents followed by severe economic stagnation. However, the recent oil boom of the country has led to an increase in the development in the city.
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