Cape Verde is made up of two groups of islands, the Windward to the north and the Leeward to the south, for a total of 10 main volcanic islands; it is the westernmost country in Africa. Each island has a different dialect but the official language is Portuguese. Ribeira Grande (now Cidade Velha) is the oldest European city founded in the tropics. The first settlers from Portugal landed in 1462, and subsequently, the development of the transatlantic slave trade increased the importance and wealth of the islands. Although five centuries of Portuguese colonial culture have dominated the islands, traditions from Africa are also present and blended together with western elements. This cultural synthesis is prominent in the rich body of oral narratives known as Nho Lobo tales. Cape Verde’s culture is also influenced by its unique music, such as the ancient and intriguing tunes of morna, batuko, and funana.
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